Barristers in England and Wales are specialists in advocacy, and their job is to represent individuals or organisations in court. Barristers specialise in particular areas of law such as criminal law, chancery law (estates and trusts), commercial law, and common law, which includes family, housing and personal injury law. Barristers – known as Advocates in Scotland - are independent sources of legal advice and can advise clients on their case. They are hired by solicitors to represent a case in court and only become involved once advocacy before a court is needed. The central role they play in the legal process is pleading the case on behalf of the client and the client’s solicitor.